FILE - In this Jan. 6, 2021, file photo, President Donald Trump speaks during a rally protesting the electoral college certification of Joe Biden as President in Washington. Trump can be sued by injured Capitol Police officers and Democratic lawmakers over the Jan. 6, 2021 insurrection at the U.S. Capitol, the Justice Department said Thursday, March 2, 2023, in an ongoing federal court case testing the limits of executive power. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci, File)

Former US president Donald Trump can be sued by police and others injured in the January 6, 2021 attack by his supporters on the US Capitol, the Justice Department said in a court filing Thursday, March 2.

In an official legal opinion submitted to federal court in Washington, the department said although a president has absolute immunity for his official acts in office, he can be sued for acts judged clearly outside of his official duties. The opinion was submitted at the request of the court, which is hearing a suit by two police officers and 11 lawmakers claiming injury during the January 6 attack.

Trump, who was sued alongside other key actors accused of inciting the attack – which took place two weeks before he was to leave the White House – claimed protection from being sued by his absolute immunity. Trump, the Justice Department said, claimed immunity because his pronouncements up to and during the attack amounted to « speech on matters of public concern, » which is within his official duties, even if that speech can be seen as inciting violence.

The Justice Department said the court should reject Trump’s categorical argument. « As the nation’s leader and head of state, the president has ‘an extraordinary power to speak to his fellow citizens and on their behalf,' » the department said. « But that traditional function is one of public communication and persuasion, not incitement of imminent private violence. »

It noted that a president’s speech in running for office does not have blanket protection, suggesting that Trump’s support for the January 6 mob – which rejected his loss in the presidential election two months earlier – might fall in that category.

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